Nebelwerfer Batteriy Firing

Nebelwerfer – “Smoke Mortar”

The Nebelwerfer was originally developed as a method of delivering poison gas and smoke shells, it was developed for the “Nebeltruppen” or smoke troops, this was all part of a disinformation strategy to fool the League of Nations.

In combat it was given the nickname by the allies of “Moaning Minnie” or “Screaming Mimi”, one of it’s main disadvantages was the huge plumes of smoke left behind pinpointing the firing location, once fired the crew must relocate almost immediately to avoid devastating counter artillery fire.

Panzergrenadiers about to commence an attack – Eastern Front 1944

Panzergrenadiers about to commence an attack – Eastern Front 1944

Untersturmführer Gerhard Mahn, commander of 11th company, 9th regiment “Germania” of the 5th SS Panzer Division “Wiking” directs the actions of the division of armored personnel carriers Sd.Kfz.251.   They are about to mount an attack against the Red Army during the battles east of Warsaw in the summer of 1944

World War II – Panther Crew

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WWII German Panther Crew

The Panther was a German medium tank deployed during World War II on the Eastern and Western Fronts in Europe from mid-1943 to its end in 1945. It had the ordnance inventory designation of Sd.Kfz. 171. Until 27 February 1944, it was designated as the Panzerkampfwagen V Panther when Hitler ordered that the Roman numeral “V” be deleted. Contemporary English language reports sometimes refer to it as the Mark V.

The Panther was intended to counter the Soviet T-34 and to replace the Panzer III and Panzer IV. Nevertheless, it served alongside the latter and the heavier Tiger I until the end of the war. It is considered one of the best tanks of World War II for its excellent firepower and protection. Its reliability was less impressive.

American M10 Tank Destroyer

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M10 in action near Saint-Lô, June 1944

US combined arms doctrine on the eve of World War II held that tanks should be designed to fulfill the role of supporting infantry in forcing a breakthrough, and then exploiting the breakthrough to rush into the enemy’s vulnerable rear areas.

The anti-tank warfare mission was assigned to a new branch, the Tank Destroyer Force. Tank destroyer units were meant to counter German blitzkrieg tactics.

Tank destroyer units were to be held as a reserve at the corps or army level, and were to move quickly to the site of any massed enemy tank breakthrough, maneuvering aggressively and using ambush tactics to destroy enemy tanks.